That does not mean consequentialism tells you to leave me entirely alone. I can even notice this sort of process happening in my own head in real time when I think about efficient charity.
Act consequentialism is the claim that an act is morally right if and only if that act maximizes the good, that is, if and only if the total amount of good for all minus the total amount of bad for all is greater than this net amount for any incompatible act available to the agent on that occasion.
In contrast, Haretries to derive his version of utilitarianism from substantively neutral accounts of morality, of moral language, and of rationality.
Hence consequentialism is opposed to common sense and is probably wrong. By this I mean the principle that, in deciding what is good and what is bad for a given individual, the ultimate criterion can only be his own wants and his own preferences.
On the one hand, the duty of fidelity obligates me to return the gun; on the other hand, the duty of nonmaleficence obligates me to avoid injuring others and thus not return the gun. In Hinduism, the belief is that one should make a decision based on what kind of effect it will have on all those involved.
The question then is only whether any moral constraints or moral options need to be added to the basic consequentialist factor in moral reasoning. Athens went from the laws of Solon to the tyranny of Peisistratus to the dictatorship of Hippias to the democracy of Cleisthenes to the oligarchy of the Four Hundred to the Thirty Tyrants to the democracy of Thrasybulus all in about a century.
One final variation still causes trouble. So if consequentialism agrees with common sense, that agreement is some reason to think that consequentialism is true. Of all the things a person might do at any given moment, the morally right action is the one with the best overall consequences.
Edinburgh University Press, Although a disabled person may be happy in the life they live, it is likely that many people have experienced things like emotional hardship and financial hardship caused by living with someone with a disability.
Luckily for them, not for him. For the moment, Jill was an authority for Jack on whether these lumps were gold. Of course, once one introduces such a complex standard of goodness for consequences, questions arise about how to rate the relative importance of the parts of the standard and about how such a view can be given theoretical elegance.
For example, suppose that many years ago, before anyone knew that gold is made of atoms or that it is the element with atomic number 79, Jack and Jill were hiking in unclaimed land and came upon some heavy shiny lumps.
Overview[ edit ] Moral science may refer to the consideration of what is best for, and how to maximize the flourishing of, either particular individuals  or all conscious creatures. The arguments against abortion seem to rely rather in the deontological horizon of Kantian type, while abortion pros seem to rely on consequentialist horizon.
Discover the. Dec 21, · The one topic that we discussed in class that everyone had something to say about was abortion. A ethicist coming from a deontological standpoint would certainly say that abortions are wrong, for two main reasons: it is the duty of a parent to care for their child, not abort it and that we should treat everyone as an ends in themselves, not.
The history of Western ethics Ancient civilizations to the end of the 19th century The ancient Middle East and Asia. The first ethical precepts must have been passed down by word of mouth from parents and elders, but as societies learned to use the written word, they began to set down their ethical beliefs.
These records constitute the first historical evidence of the origins of ethics. Capital Punishment Is A Necessary Tool For Society - The belief external influences lead to a criminal’s crime lead to the belief, rather than executing criminals “one might design institutions to disinfect the criminal, to restore him to moral health” (Garnett and Nelson).
Deontological and Utilitarian arguments for Abortion Essay The issue of abortion is one that has been at the recent forefront of many political discussions in the United States and around the world.
COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES PHILOSOPHY Detailed course offerings (Time Schedule) are available for. Autumn Quarter ; Winter Quarter ; PHIL Introduction to Philosophy (5) I&S C. MARSHALL, M. ROSENTHAL, A. WOODY Major philosophical questions relating to such matters as the existence of God, the foundations of knowledge, the nature of reality, and the nature of morality.Deontological and utilitarian arguments for abortion